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查读法十一 补全短文  

2012-03-28 22:37:16|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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本课知识点:

1. 补全短文题型的整体介绍

2. 查读法在补全短文中的运用

本课重点:

1. 补全短文题型的整体介绍

 

2. 查读法在补全短文中的运用

一、补全短文题型整体介绍

1、题型介绍

本部分为一篇300--450词的短文,从中拿出五个独立完整的句子,然后提供六个选项,要求考生读完后,顺序按原文章出现的形式,把文章恢复原貌。共5个题,每题2分,共10分。考试大论坛

2、考试目的

考查考生正确把握文章内容的能力,以及对于一定语境中规范的语言成分的掌握。测试考生在句子水平上运用语言的能力,和在语篇水平上综合运用语言的能力。

3、能力要求

《考试大纲》对补全短文的要求:

1)掌握所读文章的主旨和大意以及用以说明主旨和大意的事实和细节;

2)一定的语法、词汇、句法知识及运用技巧;

3)一定的语言分析能力、较好语感与逻辑思维和较广泛的背景知识等外;

4)既能根据文章所提供的信息去理解,也能结合学生自己应有的常识去理解。

4、补全短文的命题规律

1)补全短文强调上下文之间的衔接,运用横线前后句子中的信息词是解题的关键。

2)反复出现的重要单词,横线前后的句子中出现的词语通常就会在横线处需要填入的句子中出现,这样才能使句子之间衔接,逻辑连贯。

二、查读法在补全短文中的运用

查读法是各种阅读题型中最为重要的解题技巧,其精髓即,“一看,二对比,三选择”,意思是,一看:仔细看六个选项,找出每个选项的信息词;二对比:在横线的前后句对比是否其中有选项中的某个信息词;三选择:通常横线前后处出现了某个选项的信息词,则该选项成为正确答案的可能性就很高了。

A. 瞻前法

关注横线前的句子,在选项中寻找横线前句子中出现过的单词。如,【2005年职称英语考试综合C】

【例题1】

The Caribbean Islands are known by several names.______(47)

A. But life on the Caribbean Islands is not always paradise.

B. The earliest name used by Europeans is the Indies, later changed to the West Indies.

C. They're like a long necklace that stretches between North and South America.

D. They are Cuba, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and Hispaniola.

E. This is why millions of tourists visit the islands each year

F. Some of these islands are no more than tiny slivers(小片) of exposed coral.

【解题思路】

第一步:关注横线前句子中的名词,即我们所说的信息词,注意:在文章中反复出现的名词通常不作为信息词,如本题中的Caribbean Islands,这是本文的标题,也就是说,本文就是围绕它展开的。

第二步:在选项中找出有此信息词的句子,此句子通常也就为正确答案。

【王华碎碎念1】

一段文字的第一句通常是中心句,后面的文字必须是紧紧围绕中心句展开的。因此,第一句是帮助我们进行选择的十分重要的线索。

【真题重现1】

选择正确的选项填入横线处,使文章连贯。

1)The rest of the Caribbean Islands are much smaller. ______(49)

A. But life on the Caribbean Islands is not always paradise.

 

B. The earliest name used by Europeans is the Indies, later changed to the West Indies.

C. They're like a long necklace that stretches between North and South America.

D. They are Cuba, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and Hispaniola.

E. This is why millions of tourists visit the islands each year

F. Some of these islands are no more than tiny slivers(小片) of exposed coral.

2)So, there you are, just sitting there in the subway car, enjoying that book you just bought. _________________(46)

3)Let passengers get off the bus or subway car before you can get on. ___________(48)

【2006年职称英语考试综合C】

A. Don't eat food in your car.

B. Don't shout into your mobile phone on a bus or subway.

C. We all know that some behaviors are simply unacceptable.

D. Many people do this on subways, but it's really annoying

E. Getting off and on in an orderly manner can save time for all.

F. Suddenly, you feel someone leaning over your shoulder reading along with you

B. 顾后法

关注横线后的句子,如果在横线前的句子中找不到信息词,仔细观察横线后的句子中是否有选项中出现的信息词。如,【2005年职称英语考试综合C】

【例题2】

Sandy beaches line the coasts of many islands.______(50) Many tourists arrive on cruise ships.

A. But life on the Caribbean Islands is not always paradise.

B. The earliest name used by Europeans is the Indies, later changed to the West Indies.

C. They're like a long necklace that stretches between North and South America.

D. They are Cuba, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and Hispaniola.

E. This is why millions of tourists visit the islands each year

F. Some of these islands are no more than tiny slivers(小片) of exposed coral.

【解题思路】

第一步:横线前面的句子中没有可用的信息词,无法找出答案。观看横线后的句子,出现了tourists.

第二步:选项中找到有tourists这个信息词的选项,而且只有一个选项有这个名词。

【王华碎碎念2】

职称英语考试难度不会很大,所以不会出现几个选项意思特别相近的情况。

【真题重现2】

选择正确的选项填入横线处,使文章连贯。

1)The Information Link means making sure the company responds quickly to people's demands. ___________(49) This information is then sent to the main office in Italy. 【2003年职称英语考试综合C】

A. The founder of Benetton began by asking people what they wanted

B. There used to be a good reason for this

C. When something is sold at a Benetton store, the store records information about the type, size, and color of the item

D. Today, there are Benetton shops in major cities all over the world

E. This means that customers can go into any Benetton store in the world and be sure of what they are buying

F. In other words, Benetton's clothes are made to order

2)Some live alone because of divorce or the death of a partner. ____________________(46)

【2004年职称英语考试综合C】 

A. There's more pressure to get married nowadays.

B. The growing number of women with good jobs has done much to increase the number of people living alone.

C. However, even more people are living alone because they have chosen to.

D. It seems that many grown-ups today are realizing that childhood dream.

E. In fact, a quarter of the 23 million single people in the U.S. are under the age of 35.

F. He says, "I like being by myself."

C. 总分

横线前面提到一个数字概念,横线处把这个总体数字具体展开阐述。

【例题3】

Based on animal behavior research, these noises are divided into six categories: happiness, sadness, frustration, anger, declaration and desire. ____________(49) 【2005年职称英语考试综合B】

A. A wireless microphone is attached to the dog's collar, which sends information to the gadget held by the owner.

B. Nobody really knows how a dog feels.

C. This translated as "Don't come this way".

D. More customers are expected when the English version is launched this summer.

E. Now, the Japanese girl thinks she knows.

F. Each one of these emotions is then linked to a phrase like "Let's play", "Look at me", or "Spend more time with me"

【解题思路】

第一步:横线前面的句子中出现了six categories,六种分类,后面就是对这六种分类的具体阐述。.

第二步:选项F的意思就是没种表情都表达一种意思,如“一起玩吧”,“看我”或“多陪陪我”。

【王华碎碎念3】

职称英语考试难度不会很大,所以不会出现几个选项意思特别相近的情况。

【真题重现3】

选择正确的选项填入横线处,使文章连贯。

1)There are four large islands in the Caribbean Sea. _______(48) 【2005年职称英语考试综合C】

A. But life on the Caribbean Islands is not always paradise.

B. The earliest name used by Europeans is the Indies, later changed to the West Indies.

C. They're like a long necklace that stretches between North and South America.

D. They are Cuba, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and Hispaniola.

E. This is why millions of tourists visit the islands each year

F. Some of these islands are no more than tiny slivers(小片) of exposed coral.

【自我评价】

1. 了解补全短文题型的考查形式和能力要求了吗?

2. 了解查读法在补全短文中的运用技巧了吗?

本课重点回顾

补全短文解题技巧

1. 浏览六个选项,找出各选项的信息词

2. 回到指定试题横线的前后句子中寻找可用信息

3. 使用瞻前法,顾后法,在横线前后仔细搜索与选项相同或者相似的信息词

4. 如果遇到难以解决的难题时,则选择放弃,把能做的先做了,再回头来解决难题

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